Thursday, 6 August 2015

The seriousness of climate change

Startling evidence has recently come to light indicating that global warming has a knock-on effect and the climate will extremely change. Many citizens will force a risk of flooding due to ice melting. Not only will there be lack of water, but there will also be longer periods of drought. The climate change can be attributed to the greenhouse effect and to avert disaster we must take action now.

To begin with, what is responsible for this phenomenon? The decisive factor according to scientists who studied the problem, seems to be the carbon dioxide (CO2) which is released by the combustion of fossil fuels. The gas levels have increased over the last few years and it pours out from chimneys and car exhausts. It gets higher into the atmosphere and traps solar radiation. If the ice melts, the ocean will absorb solar radiation and augment global warming. Moreover, this perilous heating effect will cause higher sea levels which means that cities like London, which is low-lying area, will be covered by sea water. To make matters worse, there will also be fiercer storms, but also hotter summers and drought which would spell disaster in agriculture. Another crucial consequence of global warming would be possibly war because of water shortages.

However, there are some steps that can be taken to improve our prospects. We could use alternative energy such as building nuclear reactors to replace power plants that use fossil fuels. The society must force manufacturers of cars, motorbikes etc to make them more efficient to alleviate the problem  and not wasting to much energy. Also, give people financial incentives. For example, help them install solar panels and solar heaters or make the latter tax-free. Furthermore, it would be effective to launch a campaign to encourage people to insulate their homes, not leaving electrical devices on standby, to name but a few. Moreover, tell them to apply the three R's: reduce, reuse, recycle. Using the car less is also advantageous, because were the public transport to be improved global warming will be alleviated.

To sum up, we should apply all these methods to harness climate change. Individuals, industries and governments must be concerned about it. Sacrifices will have to be made, but in the end saving the planet will make them worthwhile.

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